Morocco is probably one of the most exciting countries in the world. If you consider yourself a traveler and adventurer you definitely should visit this mysterious and romantic land.
So where is Morocco? If you look at the map you will see that Morocco is located in the north of African continent. The country stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to Algeria, and from Mediterranean Sea (in the north) to Western Sahara (in the south).
Large part of Moroccan land is mountainous occupied by Rif Mountains in the north of Morocco, and the High and Middle Atlas Mountains that stretch from the far northeast all the way to the southwest. Southern part of Morocco is characterized by huge deserts and, amazingly, some rivers that support fertile growing areas. Different parts of Morocco may have very different climates (see Morocco Weather and Climate.)
The Sahara Desert
The western part of Sahara Desert occupies the south of Morocco. Huge expanses of formidable desert support very few human inhabitants. The population here is made mostly of tribal people who belong to Berber-Arab nomadic Bedouin culture. These are amazingly strong people with tough bodies and minds. Their life didn’t change much even after hundreds of years. If you have an opportunity, try to spend a day with one of those – you will be blown away.
Despite its desolate appearance, the Sahara is home to a surprisingly wide range of birds and animals (see Fauna of the Sahara).
You will enjoy Morocco Desert Tours that include camel treks and 4×4 adventure safaris.
Mount Tidighine, the highest pick of Rif Mountains, is 8,034 feet high and is known to be a part of geological region called Gibraltar Arc. Anyone who thinks that Morocco is not much more than a desert with few oases should be prepared to be surprised by fertile lands, green pine forests, and large pools of water.
Morocco’s Atlas Mountains stretch all the way from country’s northeast to the southwest. It is divided into Middle Atlas (main part), High Atlas, and smaller Anti Atlas and Tell Atlas. The High Atlas range’s highest point is 13,675 feet high. These are the highest peaks not only in Morocco, but in the whole of North Africa.
The Middle Atlas is known for its beautiful lakes, including gorgeous lake Aguelmane Sidi Ali. This lake is located at altitude of 6,600 feet and is a home of large population of salmon, trout, and pike. During the winter month the weather is freezing here. Plentiful snow offers the whole set of other opportunities. Ifrane, one of the largest cities in this area, is a popular ski resort. Yes, you can actually ski in Africa!
As one might expect, the enormous mountain range has a varied climate. The western slopes are cooler and fresher as they are facing the Atlantic Ocean, while the eastern slopes are dry and warm due to their closeness to the desert.
Morocco’s coastline is characterized by typical Mediterranean climate of hot summers and cool winters. The coastal waters of Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean boast abundant marine life. You may spot dolphins and large fish weaving their way through the warm waters.
Moroccan Atlantic coastline has many excellent spots for watersports.